Malta – December 3, 2020
The European Commission is expected to issue a proposal for a new EU energy storage Regulation on December 9, following last year’s evaluation of the Directive 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators and repealing Directive 91/157/EEC.
Greening the Islands, alongside EASE and EUROBAT, the two reference associations for storage in Europe and coordinators of the GTI Smart Grid & Storage Task Force, have produced a position paper comprising recommendations for the EU – and sent the document to EC’s DG Grow and DG Env – to more comprehensively and effectively consider the islands context in the upcoming new regulation. The proposal has also seen contributions from Endesa and Enemalta, two relevant island utilities, and The Energy & Water Agency of the Ministry for Energy and Water Management of Malta.
Recommendations from GTI, EASE and EUROBAT include: enhancing support for the production of all battery technologies in Europe; ensuring a coherent legislative framework on batteries (especially between the Batteries Regulation, Ecodesign Directive, End of Life Vehicles Directive, Waste Shipment Regulation, REACH and Occupational Health and Safety); introducing a carbon footprint declaration, keeping into account that the footprint is closely linked to the use of the battery over its lifetime; introducing a notification, verification and validation system of batteries that become waste; revising and updating the recycling efficiency targets included in the Batteries Directive; ensuring a level-playing field between first and second life batteries; ensuring that the battery safety considerations are properly addressed.
In the case of islands, it is of paramount importance to involve all the actors connected to battery storage risk management, from the manufacturers, to users, to the firemen, and issue proper guidelines. Each island has unique characteristics – e.g. energy intensity, seasonality of energy demand, interconnection status. There is no one-size-fits-all solution, but energy storage systems are uniquely suited to supporting decarbonisation of islands: large scale batteries, hybrid battery storage system and EVs are all crucial for islands to store renewables and enhance grid stability.
Given the limited size of most European islands and the absence of economies of scale, waste management should see a strong cooperation between islands and the mainland. A sustainable long-term infrastructure planning regarding waste treatment facilities is needed together with the consideration of safe storage and shipment of spent batteries. However, it might be possible in some cases to realise initial testing and disassembling facilities in islands, also in view of second life and reuse options.
“Storage systems will play a key role for the decarbonization of islands, thus the new regulation should consider their specific needs and support the establishment of a local recycling industry for second-life batteries on islands – where possible – contributing storage needs at a lower cost, differentiating local economies and creating new qualified green jobs”, commented Georges Kremlis, Honorary Director European Commission, in charge for DGENV of circular economy and islands.
Click here for attached document